Climbing or mountaineering, active recreation, type of tourism, sport, the main task of which is to climb the highlands and survive the acute emotions. It also includes highland tourism. The beginning of the formation of the climbing is considered to be 1786, when two Swiss villagerZh. Balma and Doctor M. Pakar first climbed the highest peak of the Alps (from which the name originated) Momblan (4810 m.), and the history of Armenian mountaineering originates from Ararat. The first alpinist trip was carried out in Armenia on September 27, 1829, when Professor of the University of Dorpat (now Tartu, Estonia) F. Parrot and Kh. Abovyan climbed the top of Ararat (Great Masis) (5165 m). German geologist H. Abih with translator P. Sharoyanand  two other Armenians Hovhannes Ayvazyan, Murad Poghosyan climbed the top of Ararat on July 29, 1845. Ararat was climbed by Professor of the University of Zurich I. Abelyan on September 14, 1896. Alpine trips are organized in different directions in Armenia, but the most prominent is Mount Aragats(4090 m), which is the highest peak in Armenia. In 1935 the Armenian climbers won the highest mountain range of the Greater Caucasus – Elbrus peak (5642 m).


After 1951:

A climbing club was set up in Yerevan’s physical culture center in 1951, and since 1960, the Republican Federation of Alpinism has been functioning. The most successful Armenian mountaineers have won the title of Honored Master of Sports of the USSR V. Galustov (USSR triple champion), sports masters A. Hakobyan, S. Harutyunyan, A. Chatinyan, master of sports of international class S. Muradyan. A group of Armenian climbers, composed of A. Aghababyan, G. Tatourian, H. Tonoyan and A. Mayilyan climbed Mount AraratOn September 23, 1991 , dedicating that achievement to the proclamation of Armenia’s independence. The first largest group to climb the top of Mount Ararat consisted of nine people – July 9, 2007, which included 78-year-old S. Muradyan.

From 1981 to 2003, the mountaineer Alexander Mayilyan was especially noticed, as he climbed both in the highlands and in the hilly mountains. The climbing scheme in climbing is as follows.

Year, district

Mountain, route

The result




Mountaineer icon

First vertex

1982, Baksan


4ascents,3rd category


1983, Ailama

Vakhushti,Mardjanashvili, the White stranger, PasisMta

4 ascents


1984, Tian Shan

Gastello-TRP,Students-TRP,Ayu-Ter,albatross, Jigit-5A

7 ascents

First 5A

1984, Yerevan


Icon 5482

Charges to the USSR rescuer token

1985, Chaukhi,Ushba

Chauchi 6th-5A,Mazery, Ushba South on the southwest wall-5B,Marx on the Z-crest (Pamir)

7 ascents, 1 category

Charges Zak,VO First 5A

1986,Pamir,Fan mountains

Polytechnic,Adamtash, Severny, Chapdara on the NW wall-5B, Zamin-Karor by-fu Z-walls-5B, Shkhara by V-rib 5A (The Caucasus)

8 ascents

Charges Aragats

1986, Zangezur

Br.Alikhanyan center.With wall-4B and 5A

3 ascents, CCM

Charges Aragats

1987, Bezengi, Ailama

Kursantov, Bel.Naznakom, Kazbek

3 ascents

Fees of Zak.

1987, Pamir

Lenina on Lipkin-5A

1 ascent

The first 7 thousand, the fees of Zak.

1988, Bezengi

Koshtan-tau on the NW-fu-5B,Krupkol on the C-rib 6B

3 ascents

Champion of the USSR Armed Forces,Zak.VO

1988, Pamir

Revolution at the center of SW ST-6B

1 ascent

The fees of Zak

1988, Yerevan


Mountaineering instructor, 4446

Instructional fees

1989, The Caucasus

JaylykYubast.Z ribs-5B,

Ushba Yu on the right side of the SW of the wall-6B

3 ascents

Champion of the USSR Armed Forces, Zak.VO

1989, The Caucasus,Pamir

Girech according to SW wall-5A,


3 ascents

The fees of Zak

1989, Baksan

Elbrus B, 5642m

2 ascents

Charges Spitak

1990, The Caucasus

Elbrus B-5642m

Ushba (M) along the center Just-5B

Ushba S to SV st-6B

4 ascents

Silver Championship of the USSR Armed Forces, Assemblies of the Zak.

1990, Pamir


Lenin through Razdel’n.-5A,Khokhlov-Communism on S Skl-5B

3 ascents

Silver Championship of the USSR Armed Forces, Assemblies of the Zak.

1991, Pamir

Korzhenevskaya-up to 6400m,Communism by Borodkina-up to 7350m

2 ascents

The charges of The national team of Armenia

1991, Ararat

Ararat 5165 m

1 ascent

The first Armenian expedition to Ararat-Tonoyan g, Taturyan G, Aghababyan A and Mailyan A.

1992, Ullu Tau

Ullu-Tau on the board (in pair with Balasanyan M)

3 ascents

Charges Spitak

1994, Yerevan


Master of Sport of International Class of Armenia

The Sports Committee of Armenia,Certificate N 23


1996, The Caucasus


2 ascents

The fees of Zak

1997, Tain Shan


1 ascent

In the deuce with Tonoyan G

1999, Alaska


1 ascent

The highest point of S. America,in deuce with Tonoyan G

2000, Alaska


1 ascent

With American compatriots

2001, Kenia


1 ascent

The highest point of Kenya

2002, Tanzania


1 ascent

The highest point of Africa

2003, The Caucasus

Elbrus-to the jumper

1 ascent

Ascent dedicated to the 1700th anniversary of Christianity in Armenia

2012, Alps


1 ascent

In a deuce with Oganesyan A

2013, Tain Shan

Khan-Tengri, up to 5500m

1 ascent

In the deuce with Tonoyan G

        After 2011:

Since 2011 the Armenian Mountaineering and Mountain Tourism Federation has been functioning,  which managed to unite around and concentrate on mountaineers and climbing, as well as individuals, clubs and organizations close to this area, the goal of the Federation was to promote mountaineering and mountain tourism development and culture of climbing. For quite a long time, climbing was remembered by the achievements of the Armenian mountaineers of the Soviet Union. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, no mountaineers and mountainous events were recorded by Armenian mountaineers, and Armenian mountaineers living outside of Armenia were not too often, but were delighted with ups and downs. A major achievement in 2011-2015 was the rise of Kazbegi, Elbrus, Mount Ararat and Damavandia, from 2015 mountaineers have climbed to Kilimanjaro, Mount Momblan, mountaineers are eager to try their ability to experiment with technically complicated and over 6,000 m high mountains.

2016 was recognized as an unprecedented mountain year in the history of the Republic of Armenia’s mountaineering. The ascents of the mountaineers in the chronological order have the following picture:

  1. January 09, 2016 – winter climbing experience Elbrus Mountain: ArtashesMkrtchyan:
  2. February 26, 2016 – Winter rise of Damavan, ShushanRubenyan, Aram Beginyan, NarineChagharyan. AnahitSahakyan (up to 4500 m / s).
  3. March 8, 2016 – Mount Elbrus, ArtashesMkrtchyan:
  4. May 20, 2016 – Mount Everest Irena Kharazova (RF / Moscow).
  5. May 22, 2016 – Mount Everest, AraKhachadourian (France / Marseille).
  6. July 06, 2016 – Mount Elbrus: Angela Tchagharyan, ArtashesMkrtchyan, ArigaArakelyan, Vladimir Badalyan.
  7. July 26, 2016 – Mount Elbrus, HasmikPetrosyan, Ivan Rudamyodkin.
  8. August 8, 2016 – Ancient Momblan, Archimedes and Ural Mountains: Antoine Ananyan.
  9. August 5, 2016: Mount Kazbek, TigranShahbazyan, GagikSargsyan, Felix Khachatryan, GevorgHaroyan.
  10. August 16, 2016 – Lane Peak: ArtashesMkrtchyan.
  11. August 28, 2016 – Mount Kazbek: Aram Beginyan, HasmikPetrosyan, AnahitSahakyan, Marine Petrosyan.
  12. August 29, 2016 – The ascent of Matherhur, LevonMovsisyan, Eduard Sargsyan, GareginUnutyan, SurenPetrosyan.
  13. August 29, 2016 – Mount Ushba – Igor Khalatyan.
  14. September 03, 2016 – the ascent try of Peak Lenin, which ends of the Rasselnaya peak (6148 m), NarineChagharyan, ShushanRubenyan.
  15. September 08, 2016 – Mount Kazbek – ArtyomMartirosyan, SonaHarutyunyan, Isabella Khazratyan.
  16. September 9, 2016 AnushAghababyan: The ascent of Damavan Mountain.
  17. September 19, 2016: Mount Elbrus: ArtashesMkrtchyan, KimmanGurchian, AniAvagyan, SonaHarutyunyan (up to 4700 m / s).
  18. October 9, 2016 – Upgrade to Kazbek Mountain / ArtashesMkrtchyan:
  19. October 11, 2016 – Upgrade to Kush Kayla Mountain / Antoine Ananyan.
    2017 was marked by GareginUnusyan, SurenPetrosyan and HovhannesMartirosyanthe ascent of Mount Aiger (3970 m) in August.

The Ararat uprisings have become more active since 2012, as a result of which hundreds of Armenian mountaineers had the opportunity to climb Ararat.


Upgrade to the roof of the world – Mount Everest.

1953 The highest peak in the world (8848 meters) was climbed for the first time by Edmund Hillary and TingsingNorge.Since 1953, more than 4,000 people, including 5 Armenians, have climbed to the highest hill in the world.

  1. Lev Sarkisov – May 12, 1999
  2. Igor Khalatyan – May 16, 2002
  3. KaroHovasapyan, May 5, 2005
  4. Irene Kharazova – May 20, 2016
  5. AraKhachadourian – May 22, 2016